Tumbuhan – tumbuhan herbal Penurun Kolesterol

Penyakit jantung koroner dua kali lebih besar mengancam orang-orang yang mempunyai kadar kolesterol 200-240 mg persen dibandingkan mereka yang kadarnya di bawah 240 mg persen.

Kolesterol adalah komponen asam lemak yang terdapat dalam darah. Zat ini sangat diperlukan oleh tubuh untuk proses-proses tertentu bagi kelangsungan hidup. Di antaranya untuk membentuk hormon, membentuk sel, dan merawat sel-sel saraf.

Tetapi, dalam jumlah berlebih kolesterol menjadi ancaman serius bagi tubuh, bahkan bisa menyebabkan kematian. Penyakit yang disebabkan kolesterol adalah aterosklerosis (penyempitan pembuluh darah), penyakit jantung koroner, stroke, tekanan darah tinggi, dan hiperkolesterolemia.

Kadar kolesterol dalam darah bisa diatasi dengan pengobatan secara tradisional dengan memakai aneka tumbuhan yang banyak hidup di Indonesia. Praktik ini sudah berlangsung dari generasi ke generasi.

Yang biasa dimanfaatkan untuk pengobatan kolesterol tinggi adalah daun jati belanda (Guazuma ulmifolia), kemuning (Murraya paniculata), dan tempuyung (Sonchus arvensis).

Daun jati belanda dipercaya bisa meluruhkan lemak dan menurunkan kadar kolesterol dalam darah. Tanaman yang berasal dari negara Amerika beriklim tropis ini tumbuh secara liar di wilayah tropis lainnya seperti di Pulau Jawa.

Jati belanda mengandung senyawa tannin, damar, triterpen, alkaloid, karotenoid, flavonoid, dan asam fenol. Selain bisa menurunkan kadar kolesterol, tanaman ini juga berkhasiat untuk melangsingkan tubuh, astrigen, sebagai obat diare dan obat batuk.

Sedangkan kemuning mengandung atsiri, damar, tannin, glikosida, dan meransin. Tanaman yang biasa tumbuh liar di semak belukar, tepi hutan, atau ditanam sebagai tanaman hias dan tanaman pagar ini bisa dipakai untuk mengobati radang buah zakar (orchitis), radang saluran napas (bronkhitis), infeksi saluran kencing, kencing nanah, keputihan, sakit gigi, dan haid tidak teratur. Juga untuk mengurangi lemak tubuh berlebihan, pelangsing tubuh, nyeri pada tukak (ulkus), memar akibat benturan, rematik, keseleo, digigit serangga dan ular berbisa, ekzema, dan luka terbuka pada kulit.

Tanaman tempuyung memiliki rasa pahit dan bersifat mendinginkan. Pada prinsipnya semua bagian tanaman ini bisa dimanfaatkan. Tapi, yang paling sering adalah bagian daunnya. Penurun kadar kolesterol tinggi dengan kandungan kimia saponin, flavonoida, politenol, alfa-lactucerol, beta-lactucerol, manitol, inositol, kalium, silika, dan taraksasterol adalah manfaat yang bisa didapatkan dari daun tempuyung.

Bila diramu, jati belanda, kemuning, dan tempuyung bisa menjadi obat herbal untuk menurunkan kadar kolesterol dalam darah. Inilah yang dilakukan oleh PT Indofarma. Ketiga herbal tadi diramu menjadi sebuah produk herbal yang diberi nama Prolipid. Sesuai dengan kandungan bahan-bahan pembuatnya, herbal ini membantu menurunkan kadar kolesterol yang tinggi dalam darah.

Hasil penelitian
Senyawa tanin dan musilago yang terkandung dalam daun Jati belanda dapat mengendapkan mukosa protein yang ada di dalam permukaan usus halus sehingga dapat mengurangi penyerapan makanan. Dengan demikian proses obesitas (kegemukan) dapat dihambat.

Hasil penelitian tentang daun jati belanda memperkuat penggunaannya secara ilmiah sebagai tanaman obat. Ekstrak daun jati belanda yang diberikan secara oral dengan konsentrasi 15 persen dan 30 persen dapat menurunkan kadar kolesterol total serum kelinci.

Sedangkan hasil penelitian pada daun kemuning menunjukkan, pemberian infus daun ini sebesar 10 persen, 20 persen, 30 persen, dan 40 persen sebanyak 0,5 ml pada mencit dapat menurunkan berat badannya secara bermakna. Ini menunjukkan telah terjadi peningkatan pembakaran lemak tubuh. Kolesterol merupakan salah satu komponen dari lemak.

Beberapa teori yang lain menyebutkan bahwa khasiat daun jati belanda dan kemuning adalah karena kandungan damarnya. Mekanismenya sebagai berikut, kolesterol yang terbentuk menjadi asam empedu berikatan dengan damar dan segera dieksresi melalui feses. Cepatnya asam empedu dieksresikan oleh tubuh akan disertai oleh cepatnya pembentukan asam empedu sehingga kolesterol dalam tubuh segera diubah menjadi asam empedu. Dengan demikian, proses ini akan mengurangi kadar kolesterol.

Sementara itu, bahan simplisia yang digunakan berkhasiat meningkatkan metabolisme tubuh sehingga pembakaran timbunan lemak dalam tubuh akan meningkat. Dengan demikian akan mengurangi kadar lemak tubuh. Ini berarti akan mengurangi terbentuknya kolesterol karena lemak merupakan faktor risiko tinggi terhadap kolesterol.

Karena merupakan bahan-bahan alami, jika digunakan secara teratur dan terukur, herbal-herbal ini bisa membantu menurunkan kadar kolesterol dalam darah.

inf: dunia-kesehatan


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